Glossary of Terms Relating to Bail & Pretrial

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Blacks calls it [a] procedural system, such as the Anglo American Legal System, involving active and unhindered parties contesting with each other to put forth a case before an independent decision maker. According to Michael Asimow, [t]he central precept of ...
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A voluntary declaration of facts written down and sworn to by the declarant before an officer authorized to administer oaths (Blacks). Among other things, affidavits are drafted to obtain search warrants and to document an officers probable cause for ...
The American Bar Association is the 400,000- plus member national association for the legal profession and those interested in the legal profession. In 1964, the ABA implemented its Criminal Justice Standards Project, which has created and updated best practice ...
see B
see Court Appeara
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A criminal proceeding at which the defendant is read the charge or charges and asked to enter a plea. The essence of the arraignment is the act of pleading (e.g., guilty, not guilty, no contest) to the formal charge or charges, and although an arraignment may ...
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In criminal law, bail is the process of releasing a defendant from jail or other governmental custody with conditions set to reasonably assure public safety and court appearance. Bail is perhaps one of the most misused terms in the field, primarily because ...
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An agreement between the defendant and the court, or between the defendant, the surety (commercial or noncommercial surety), and the court, originally designed primarily to assure the defendants appearance in court and later expanded in the federal system and most states ...
Also known as a commercial or compensated surety, a bail bondsman is one who guarantees a defendants appearance for court by prom ising to pay a financial condition of bond if the defendant does not appear for court. Bail bondsmen are typically licensed by ...