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Prosecution and Racial Justice - Vera 2009

An assessment program to determine if racial bias occurs in prosecutorial decisions was implemented in three major counties across the country – Milwaukee County, Mecklenburg County, and San Diego County

Prosecution and Racial Justice - Vera 2009.pdf


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Pretrial Justice Bibliography - PJI 2014

The Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) is centering racial justice as the foundation of our vision, mission and work to advance pretrial justice in order to end mass incarceration

Pretrial Justice Bibliography - PJI 2014.pdf


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Prosecution and Racial Justice in New York County Technical Report - DOJ 2014

Due to minority overrepresentation in the criminal justice system, this study was conducted to analyze racial and ethnic disparities throughout the pretrial process in New York using data from the New York County District Attorney’s Office

Prosecution and Racial Justice in New York County Technical Report - DOJ 2014.pdf


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2019 Report on Criminal Justice Reform - New Jersey

The third annual report on the impact of the New Jersey's criminal justice reform shows that the jail population continues to decline, decreasing 6.4 percent from 2018 to 2019, while the majority of people who are released return to court without being charged with new criminal activity


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Idaho Blueprint for Smart Justice - ACLU 2020

The ACLU’s Campaign for Smart Justice campaign partnered with the Urban Institute to conduct a two-year research project to analyze the kind of changes needed to cut the number of people in prison in each state by half and reduce racial disparities in incarceration. In every state, the campaign identified primary drivers of incarceration and predicted the impact of reducing prison admissions and length of stay on state prison populations, state budgets, and the racial disparity of those imprisoned


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After Cash Bail: A Framework for Reimagining Pretrial Justice

This Framework from the Bail Project sets forth several proposals for transforming the bail system, including: ending the use of cash bail; limiting pretrial detention to extremely rare circumstances; involving the community to provide support to those on pretrial release; avoiding the use of assessment tools that perpetuate racial and ethnic disparities; and investing in change for the long-term


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ABA Press Release Regarding Racial Equity Committee - September 2020

Director of the Reshaping Prosecution Program at the Vera Institute of Justice, Jamila Hodge, and Executive Partner at the Pretrial Justice Institute, Cherise Fanno Burdeen, will co-chair the Racial Justice and Diversity Committee for the American Bar Association’s (ABA) Criminal Justice Section

ABA Press Release.pdf


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Unequal Treatment: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Miami-Dade Criminal Justice - ACLU Florida Greater Miami 2018

Analyzing data on all adult criminal defendants from 2010 to 2015, this report examines individual and neighborhood racial and ethnic disparities across multiple decision points within Miami-Dade County’s criminal justice system including: arrest, bond and pretrial detention, charging and disposition, and sentencing. The analysis uncovered racial and ethnic disparities at each of these decision points

Unequal Treatment- Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Miami-Dade Criminal Justice - ACLU Florida 2018.PDF


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Improving Pretrial Justice in New Jersey - PJI 2017

The Pretrial Justice Institute sat down with Roseanne Scotti, New Jersey State Director of the Drug Policy Alliance and one of the leaders in the effort to improve the state’s pretrial system, to talk about how it came about. The Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) is centering racial justice as the foundation of our vision, mission and work to advance pretrial justice in order to end mass incarceration

Improving Pretrial Justice in New Jersey - PJI 2017.pdf


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New York's Ferguson Problem - No Price on Justice 2020

Department of Justice (DOJ) investigation uncovered a pattern of racially discriminatory policing incentivized by the city’s dependence on the criminal legal system to raise money...Racial disparities across the state mirror many of the DOJ’s findings in Ferguson


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A Racial Equity Transformation: PJI's Rationale July 2019

There is no pretrial justice without racial justice. The Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) is centering racial justice as the foundation of our vision, mission and work to advance pretrial justice in order to end mass incarceration

PJI’s Racial Equity Transformation Rationale - PJI 2019.pdf


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Lucas County Ohio April 2018 Update - Safety and Justice Challenge 2018

The Lucas County Safety and Justice Challenge Mission Statement reads as follows: Lucas County is committed to working collaboratively toward a safer, healthier, and more just community through implementation of successful alternatives to incarceration, creating models for reducing unnecessary jail use, reducing recidivism, reducing racial and ethnic disparity, and connecting citizens with behavioral health and reentry services

Lucas County Ohio April 2018 Update - Safety and Justice Challenge 2018.pdf


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Pretrial Justice: How Much Does it Cost? - PJI 2017

The Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) is centering racial justice as the foundation of our vision, mission and work to advance pretrial justice in order to end mass incarceration

Pretrial justice at what cost-PJI 2017.pdf


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Pretrial Risk Assessment: Perpetuating or Disrupting Racial Bias?

Addressing bias in risk assessment is critical to safe, fair, and effective pretrial systems. On this webcast, Dr. Marie VanNostrand discusses strategies for building risk assessments without race and gender bias, and recent revisions to the popular Virginia Pretrial Risk Assessment Instrument...


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Recommendations of the 2011 National Symposium on Pretrial Justice - PJI

This document summarizes the recommendations from the 2011 National Symposium on Pretrial Justice. It is divided into 6 sets of recommendations aimed at specific groups, including recommendations for stakeholder groups, policy and practice enhancement, the Office of Justice Programs (OJP), legislators, the philanthropic community, and for the academic community. The Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) is centering racial justice as the foundation of our vision, mission and work to advance pretrial justice in order to end mass incarceration

Recommendations of the 2011 National Symposium on Pretrial Justice - PJI.pdf


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Racial Bias in Bail Decisions - Arnold, Dobbie & Yang 2018

This paper develops a test for identifying racial bias in bail decisions. The analysis is motivated using Becker’s model of racial bias, which posits that if bail judges are racially unbiased, rates of pretrial misconduct will be the same for marginal white and marginal black defendants

Racial Bias in Bail Decisions - Arnold, Dobbie & Yang 2018.pdf


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State of Pretrial Justice in America - PJI 2017

The State of Pretrial Justice in America is the Pretrial Justice Institute’s first comprehensive effort to gauge pretrial outcomes across the United States

2 attachments

Focus Search - The State of Pretrial Justice in America Executive Summary - PJI 2017.pdf


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Implementing the Recommendations of the National Symposium on Pretrial Justice - PJI 2013

This report discusses the significant progress made by the PJWG and its subcommittees toward achieving the recommendations to improve pretrial justice, from the 2013 National Symposium on Pretrial Justice. The Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) is centering racial justice as the foundation of our vision, mission and work to advance pretrial justice in order to end mass incarceration

2 attachments

Focus Search - Recommendations of the 2011 National Symposium on Pretrial Justice: A Progress Report February 2014 Implementing the Recommendations of the National Symposium on Pretrial Justice: The 2013 Progress Report


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American Judges Association Resolution on Pretrial Justice - AJA 2017

"...NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the American Judges Association urges court leaders to: 1. promote and support the adoption of evidence-based risk assessment and management in making the bail determination; 2. eliminate practices that cause defendants to remain incarcerated solely because they cannot afford to pay for their release; 3. call for the elimination of commercially secured bonds at any time during the pretrial phase; 4. call for the shift from secured to unsecured money bond at any time during the pretrial phase; 5. promote and support the practice of least restrictive graduated conditions of release which can be adjusted per the compliance or non-compliance of the individual; 6. call for the ability of every judge to conduct a preventive detention hearing with full due process protections so that detention eligible defendants are detained under accepted evidentiary standards; 7. promote judicial training and development that addresses how best practices and identifying sources of implicit bias can reduce racial and gender disparities."

American Judges Association Resolution on Pretrial Justice - AJA 2017.pdf


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Racial Disparities in the Massachusetts Criminal System - Harvard Law School 2020

This report explores the factors that lead to persistent racial disparities in the Massachusetts criminal system by leveraging detailed administrative data from several agencies, including the Massachusetts Trial Court, the Department of Criminal Justice Information Services, and the Department of Correction

Massachusetts-Racial-Disparity-Report-FINAL.pdf