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PJI Research Advisory Committee - PJI 2018

In 2018, PJI established the Research Advisory Committee (RAC) to ensure that we understand and use new research to guide our theory of change and framework for implementation. We also want an independent check on our own selection bias—the tendency to like research that confirms our own ideas and to discount research that does not. RAC also serves as a place for other researchers to discuss pretrial justice, and we hope it will inspire rising academics to engage in pretrial research as a part of their thesis or dissertation work

PJI Research Advisory Committee- PJI 2018.pdf


Library Entry
Project Orange Jumpsuit The Misdemeanor Report 1 - Themis Research 2016

The project addresses six different questions surrounding bail and pretrial services, and this report discusses the data and results

Project Orange Jumpsuit The Misdemeanor Report 1 - Themis Research 2016.pdf


Library Entry
Pretrial Criminal Justice Research Brief - LJAF 2013

This brief examines the results of three studies regarding pretrial criminal justice, including The Effect of Pretrial Detention on Sentencing, The Hidden Costs of Pretrial Detention, and The Impact of Pretrial Supervision. #ResearchData #Bail

Pretrial Criminal Justice Research Brief - LJAF 2013.pdf


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PJI Publications

2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2006-2010 2020 Updated Position on Pretrial Risk Assessment Tools Keywords:#SmartPretrial | #Pretrial Assessment | #Racial Justice What's Happening in Pretrial Justice, formerly Where Pretrial Improvements Are Happening Keywords: #Implementation | #Legislation 2019 Smarter Solutions: Responding to Technical Violations Keywords:#SmartPretrial | #Research Data Scan of Pretrial Practices Keywords: #Implementation | #Research Data | #PretrialServices A Racial Equity Transformation: PJI's Rationale July 2019 Keywords: #RacialJustice | #Bail | #PretrialServices Communications and Community Engagement Toolkit Keywords: #Communications Response to Krahl Keywords: #Bail Santa Clara Case Study: Using Technology and Innovation to Improve Client Contact Keywords: #SmartPretrial | #Bail | #PretrialServices Smarter Pretrial Solutions: Procedural Justice Keywords: #RacialJustice | #SmartPretrial Smarter Pretrial Solutions: Responding to Technical Violations Keywords: #RacialJustice | #SmartPretrial This Ain't Justice Keywords: #RacialJustice | #SmartPretrial | #Bail | #PretrialServices 2018 Estimating the Costs of Implementing Pretrial Assessment and Monitoring Services Keywords: #Implementation | #Pretrial Assessment False Equivalence: Local, State, and Federal Detainees Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data | #Policy Forging New Traditions in Pretrial Excellence: Allegheny County Pretrial Services (PA) Increases Pretrial Fairness and Safety Keywords: #PretrialServices | #ResearchData PJI Research Advisory Committee Keywords: #Research Data Pretrial Justice and the State Courts Initiative: Pretrial Justice Planning Guide for Courts Keywords: #Implementation | #Judicial The Pretrial Services Agency for the District of Columbia: Lessons from Five Decades of Innovation and Growth Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Support for Pretrial Justice Reform: African-American Poll 2018 Keywords: #RacialJustice | #Bail | #Research Data Support for Pretrial Justice Reform: Florida Poll 2018 Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Support for Pretrial Justice Reform: Georgia Poll 2018 Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Support for Pretrial Justice Reform: Latinx Poll 2018 Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Support for Pretrial Justice Reform: North Carolina 2018 Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Support for Pretrial Justice Reform: Ohio Poll 2018 Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Support Grows For Pretrial Justice Reform Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Texas Voters Want Commonsense Pretrial Justice Reform Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data Top Takeaways from Smart Pretrial in Yakima County, Washington Keywords: #SmartPretrial | #Research Data Understanding SB10: What the New Law May Mean for Californians Keywords: #Bail | #Research Data 2017 Courtroom First Appearance Observation Template Keywords: #Bail | #Judicial Enhancing Pretrial Justice in Cuyahoga County: Results from a Jail Population Analysis and Judicial Feedback. Keywords: #Research Data | #Judicial | #Implementation Guidelines for Analyzing State and Local Pretrial Laws Keywords: #Legislation | #Implementation | #Bail Have You Asked Them? Talking to Defendants about Money Bond and Pretrial Release Keywords: #Research Data | #Bail Improving Pretrial Justice in New Jersey Keywords: #Implementation | #Research Data Improving Pretrial Justice using Existing Resources: A Case Study from St


Library Entry
A Decade of Bail Research in New York City - NYCJA 2012

A decade-long research project examining the bail system in New York City has been completed by the New York City Criminal Justice Agency, Inc. (CJA). The research was conceived in the context of CJA’s mission of reducing unnecessary pretrial detention, and it continued in the midst of a national debate about the role of bail and the commercial bail bond industry in the criminal justice system. This final report of the bail project synthesizes the major findings, with the dual objective of making the research results more accessible by gathering them together in one place, while also introducing a level of clarity that is difficult to achieve when disparate findings are viewed only as separate pieces

A Decade of Bail Research in New York City - NYCJA 2012.pdf


Library Entry
In the Shadows: A Review of the Research on Plea Bargaining - Vera 2020

To understand plea bargaining, then, we must depend on a small but growing body of research. Through interviews, data gathered by courts, and other means, scholars are attempting to understand the factors that influence plea bargaining as well as whether a plea bargain is a “bargain” at all

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Focus Search - In the Shadows: A Review of the Research on Plea Bargaining - Vera 2020


Library Entry
Reading the Tea Leaves Utilizing Jail Inmate Surveys relating Income Legal Representation and Pretrial Release - PJI - 2008

This paper examines how jail inmate data can contribute to research on the pretrial release process. Specifically, relationships between the pretrial process and income, legal representation, and bail are studied, using the data series Survey of Inmates of Local Jails (SILJ), while understanding the limitations of the jail inmate data due to the nature and origin of the data

Reading the Tea Leaves Utilizing Jail Inmate Surveys relating Income Legal Representation and Pretrial Release - PJI - 2008.pdf


Blog Entry
People Make Change (Data Helps)

Assessments offer a data-driven way to look at pretrial release and the likelihood of a person appearing for court with no new arrests...The takeaway here is that a system or organization cannot thrive on data alone—even one that is literally based on algorithms

Wendy Shang's profile image


Library Entry
State Court Processing Statistics Data Limitations Advisory - Bureau of Justice Assistance 2010

The Bureau of Justice Statistics issued an advisory statement regarding the State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) data, noting that it is not appropriate assume causal relationships or to make assumptions about the efficacy of various forms of pretrial release or supervision based on this data set

State Court Processing Statistics Data Limitations Advisory -Bureau of Justice Statistics 2010.pdf



Library Entry
Dispelling the Myths: What Policymakers Need to Know About Pretrial Research - Pretrial Justice Institute 2012

Commercial bail bond companies have used recent studies to support the claim that commercial surety bonds are the most effective form of pretrial release. This report addresses these claims and explains why they are inaccurate. #ResearchData

2 attachments

Focus Search - The for-profit bail bonding industry’s claims based on the SCPS data have become so widespread that BJS was compelled to take the unusual and unprecedented step of issuing a “Data Advisory”11 to remind consumers of its research about the research’s proper and improper use


Library Entry
Massachusetts Bail, Alternatives & Opportunities - Northeastern University School of Law 2014

This research conducted by students from Northeastern University School of Law provides recommendations for alternatives to Massachusetts’ cash bail system, including risk assessment tools, unsecured bonds, data driven studies, and a pretrial services agency

Massachusetts Bail, Alternatives & Opportunities - Northeastern University School of Law 2014.pdf


Library Entry
Road Map to Pretrial Reform - Urban Institute 2016

This report first provides background on pretrial decisionmaking and useful resources to learn more about the previous reform efforts that motivated New Hampshire to implement data-driven pretrial justice reforms. We then present findings from data analysis on the pretrial defendant population and identify data gaps and limitations, which can be a barrier to data-driven pretrial decisionmaking

Road Map to Pretrial Reform - Urban Institute 2016.pdf


Library Entry
No Place for Kids Issue Brief - AECF 2011

The original report uses years of old and new data and research to prove that the current juvenile justice system in the United States is not working

No Place for Kids Issue Brief - AECF 2011.pdf


Library Entry
Exploring the Relationship Between Time in Pretrial Detention and Four Outcomes - CJI 2016

This report discusses the research done using two years’ worth of arrest and booking data from Missouri with the goals of determining a relationship between the length of pretrial detention and pretrial outcome as well as the relationship between pretrial detention and new criminal activity post-disposition

Exploring the Relationship Between Time in Pretrial Detention and Four Outcomes - CJI 2016.pdf


Library Entry
Analyzing Bond Supervision Survey Data The Effects of Pretrial Detention on Self-Reported Outcomes - CJI 2016

This study analyzes the effects of pretrial detention on areas other than conviction and sentencing. It shows a correlation between pretrial detention and outcomes such as job loss, residential eviction, and decreased social support, even if the defendant is detained for only a few days or less....

Analyzing Bond Supervision Survey Data The Effects of Pretrial Detention on Self-Reported Outcomes - CJI 2016.pdf


Library Entry
Virginia Pre-Trial Data Project Preliminary Findings -December 2019

From the report: The Virginia Pre-Trial Data Project is an unprecedented, collaborative effort between numerous state and local agencies representing all three branches of government to examine matters related to the pre-trial process

VSCC Pre-Trial Data Project Preliminary Findings.pdf



Library Entry
A Meta-Analytic Review of Pretrial Research: Risk Assessment, Bond Type, and Interventions (Bechtel et al.) 2016

This meta-analysis began with an exhaustive search for pretrial research which may have revealed the most prominent finding — that being a distinct lack of research that utilizes any amount of methodological rigor