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The Impact of Early Representation: An Analysis of the San Francisco Public Defender's Pre-Trial Release Unit - California Policy Lab 2018

In October 2017, the San Francisco Public Defender’s Office piloted the Pre-Trial Release Unit (PRU) to enhance access to pre-arraignment legal representation for indigent arrestees. Using data provided by the Office, this study finds the pilot program doubled the likelihood of release at...

The Impact of Early Representation- An Analysis of the San Francisco Public Defender's Pre-Trial Release Unit - California Policy Lab 2018.pdf


Library Entry
Beyond the Adversarial System: Achieving the Challenge - APA & NLADA 2018

On April 10-11, 2017, the Association of Prosecuting Attorneys (APA) and the National Legal Aid and Defender Association (NLADA) hosted a joint meeting that brought together four chief defenders and four prosecutors from across the country who are participating in the Safety and Justice...

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Library Entry
Joint Defender Statement on Pretrial Risk Assessment Instruments - updated 2019

This 2019 statement by the American Council of Chief Defenders, Gideon’s Promise, the National Association for Public Defense, the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, and the National Legal Aid and Defenders Association updates its 2017 statement and supports the use of validated...

JOINT STATEMENT - PRETRIAL RISK ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENTS final March 2019.pdf


Library Entry
The New Jersey Pretrial Justice Manual - 2016

This Manual is designed to give practitioners the guidance needed to achieve pretrial release for clients. It tells the story of how New Jersey came to reform its system of pretrial release and detention. It also presents the new risk assessment instrument and a decision making framework, which...

The New Jersey Pretrial Justice Manual - 2016.pdf


Library Entry
High Cost of Bail: How Maryland’s Reliance on Money Bail Jails the Poor and Costs the Community Millions - Maryland 2016

The purpose of this report is to quantify the cost of Maryland’s wealth-based detention system to the community. This report documents not only the human toll of incarceration due to unaffordable bail, but also the lesser-known consequences of money bail for defendants who are able to purchase...

High Cost of Bail.pdf


Library Entry
Bringing Balance to Pretrial Proceedings, Solutions for Early Representation of Indigent Defendants - Center for Effective Justice 2015

As stated in this report, 27% of misdemeanor defendants in Texas did not have an attorney present during the time in the pretrial process when bail, jail time, and alternate pretrial release options are determined. This document analyzes the lack of indigent defense despite a defendant’s...

Bringing Balance to Pretrial Proceedings, Solutions for Early Representation of Indigent Defendants - Center for Effective Justice 2015.pdf


Library Entry
Policy Statement on the Predatory Collection of Costs, Fines, and Fees in America's Criminal Courts - NAPD 2015

This document from the National Association for Public Defense discusses the use of fines, fees, and other costs in the pretrial system that disproportionately impacts poor defendants and defendants of color. The NAPD details the process of money collection in criminal cases and explains why it...

Policy Statement on the Predatory Collection of Costs, Fines, and Fees in America's Criminal Courts - NAPD 2015.pdf


Library Entry
The Crucible of Adversarial Testing, Access to Counsel in Deleware's Criminal Courts - 6th Amendment Center 2014

This document discusses Delaware’s indigent defense system, and the lack of proper defense for defendants despite the state employing capable attorneys. The system either pressures defendants to waive their right to defense or provides attorneys too late, therefore failing to protect defendants’...

The Crucible of Adversarial Testing, Access to Counsel in Deleware's Criminal Courts - 6th Amendment Center 2014.pdf


Library Entry
Risk & Needs Assessments, What Defenders and Chief Defenders Need to Know - NLADA 2015

This document outlines the basics of risk and needs assessment tools, and the benefits and challenges faced when used by defenders. #RiskAssessment #Defense #RiskManagementandSupervision

Risk & Needs Assessments, What Defenders and Chief Defenders Need to Know - NLADA 2015.pdf



Library Entry
Prosecution Without Representation - Buffalo Law Review 2011

This document examines the issue of when in the criminal justice process defendants should be given legal counsel. Defendants are frequently without counsel during the pretrial stage, which significantly impacts costs and whether or not defendants are detained. This article analyzes court cases...

Prosecution Without Representation - Buffalo Law Review 2011.pdf


Library Entry
Early Appointment of Counsel - 6AC_PJI 2014

It is a United States law that every person accused of a crime has the right to an attorney. However, it’s still unclear when in the process counsel must be appointed. This paper argues that people should have the right to counsel form the earliest moment possible in the pretrial process. The...

Early Appointment of Counsel - 6AC_PJI 2014.pdf


Library Entry
Defenders as Agents of Change- Pretrial Justice Reform in Kentucky - Kentucky Dept of Public Advocacy 2014

These power point slides from the Pretrial Justice Institute (PJI) and the National Legal Aid & Defender Association (NLADA) webinar in 2014 discuss facts and statistics surrounding pretrial incarceration and the pretrial justice system in Kentucky, and how defenders can assist pretrial reform. ...

Defenders as Agents of Change- Pretrial Justice Reform in Kentucky - Kentucky Dept of Public Advocacy 2014.pdf


Library Entry
National Indigent Defense Reform: The Solution is Multifaceted - NACDL 2012

This report discusses the findings of the National Indigent Defense Reform: The Solution is Multifaceted Focus Group. The Focus Group’s discuss was divided into three topics regarding equal right to legal aid for all defendants – front-end reforms, delivery of services, and the need for...

National Indigent Defense Reform - The Solution is Multifaceted - NACDL 2012.pdf


Library Entry
Don't I Need a Lawyer - Constitution Project 2015

One significant issue often overlooked in the criminal justice system is the lack of enforcement of right to counsel during the pretrial process. When counsel is not present, the courts tend to impose a money bail condition; disadvantaged and poor defendants feel the impact of this and end up...

Don't I Need a Lawyer - Constitution Project 2015.pdf


Library Entry
Policing, Mass Imprisonment, and the Failure of American Lawyers - Harvard Law Review Forum 2015

This document discusses the intellectual and practical failings of lawyers in dealing with mass incarceration and illegal policing of minorities, as well as enforcing the criminal justice system in accordance with citizens’ rights. #LawEnforcementJails #Defense

Policing, Mass Imprisonment, and the Failure of American Lawyers - Harvard Law Review Forum 2015.pdf


Library Entry
Standards on Pretrial Release - ABA 2002

These standards act as a guide to pretrial justice practitioners in order to implement the most ethical and informed process for pretrial release. #Prosecution #Defense

Standards on Pretrial Release - ABA 2002.pdf


Library Entry
Minor Crimes, Massive Waste: The Terrible Toll of America's Broken Misdemeanor Courts - NACDL 2009

This report analyzes misdemeanor courts in the United States and the issues within them due to a hike in misdemeanor cases. Problems include overwhelming caseloads for public defenders, lack of proper representation for defendants, wrongful incarceration, and wasted taxpayer dollars....

Minor Crimes, Massive Waste: The Terrible Toll of America's Broken Misdemeanor Courts - NACDL 2009.pdf


Library Entry
The CO Bail Book, A Defense Practitioner's Guide to Adult Pretrial Release - CCDI NACDL 2015

This document serves as a set of guidelines to achieve pretrial release for defendants. It discusses the Colorado Pretrial Assessment Tool (CPAT), its benefits, and how to use it. It also discusses case laws, appeals in bail determinations, and relevant challenges within the field. ...

The CO Bail Book, A Defense Practitioner's Guide to Adult Pretrial Release - CCDI NACDL 2015.pdf


Library Entry
Finishing the Job Modernizing Maryland's Bail System - Abell 2016

This report covers the three recommendations given to implement a much needed bail reform in Maryland. These include putting fewer people in jail pending adjudication, use a risk-based decision making system, and enforce preventative detention for defendants that are highest risk. #Judicial ...

Finishing the Job Modernizing Marylands Bail System - Abell 2016.pdf