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County Jail Incarceration Rates and County Mortality Rates in the United States, 1987-2016 - AJPH 2020 

7 days ago

Researchers examined the relationship between increases in county jail incarceration rates and county mortality rates as another method of measuring the harms of mass incarceration. During the time period studied, 75 percent of counties experienced a quartile-level change in the jail incarceration rate; researchers found that a change from the first quartile to the second quartile was associated with a 2.5% increase in the county's total mortality rate. Researchers also observed a dose-response relationship to subsequent increases from first quartile to third or fourth quartile; greater rates of incarceration within the county were associated with greater rates of mortality. The association between jail incarceration and county mortality was stronger for younger people; a change in jail incarceration rate from first to second quartile was associated with a 7.4% increase in mortality among those aged 15 to 34 years.
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